Pediatric Dentistry

What is Pedodontia?

Pediatric dentists (pediatric dentists) who specialize in all kinds of treatment and preventive dentistry procedures applied to children are called pediatric dentistry.

Pedodontics are basically divided into 2 parts.


In children it is possible to be protected from caries by careful feeding (avoiding sticky and sugary foods as much as possible, following healthy eating rules) and applying proper toothbrushing techniques. When it comes to a bruising event, it should be tried to determine its cause and the health of the other teeth of the child should be protected. Children should be taken to their dentist from very early ages (6 months to 1 year) to ensure that the child meets this environment without fear, and parents should learn what their children need to do to keep their dental health at the highest level.


The rotten part of the face is cleaned and treated with permanent or temporary filling according to the situation. In some cases, it has become so devastated that it can not be treated with dental fillings. Such teeth may sometimes be held for a while by being covered with 'caps' specially prepared for children instead of pulling. In recent years, colored dolls have been produced for children to love to go to the dentist and dentist. Thanks to these materials used in our clinic, making a filling becomes a game.


Children often fall on the floor. As a result, they have problems that they will have to go to the dentist often because they will disturb their front teeth and become uncomfortable for years. A simple mouthpiece to be prepared by your dentist will prevent damage to the lower part of the face that a traumman will have. Especially in children who play sports such as football, boxing, skiing, basketball, bicycle, rollerblade, surfing, skateboarding, the transparent silicone mouthpiece attached to the upper jaw teeth will cause cushioning of the end tooth traumas, fractures, lips, tongue tearing and tearing.

The most common of these injuries are dental injuries. The tooth of a child who does not have a mouthguard and strikes his or her front teeth is either completely blown or broken due to the force of the harp which it receives, and the pulp, which is the live part of the tooth, If this damage causes the death of the pulppan, the tooth color becomes distorted and a color that develops from light brown to dark gray. Please protect your dental health with a mouthpiece that your dentist will prepare, especially for your child who sports.


Go to your dentist immediately by putting the tooth between a clean gauze and soaking it with saliva. If you can not get to your dentist immediately, you will get it from your gauze pharmacy and soak it with physiological saline and try to reach it as soon as possible. Ideally, the treatment is started within 1 hour. If the conditions are favorable, your dentist will place it in the female tooth (reimplantation). With dignified practice and good care after, your teeth will remain in your mouth for many years.

If one or more of the front teeth were broken:

Try to find broken pieces and get to your dentist right away. It is important to keep the parts moist during this time. Serum is ideal for physiological and even saliva. These parts are glued to their bonding places with very strong agents and are more aesthetically and durable than any fill.

If you can not find the parts:

1. If the fracture is small, a white (composite) filling of the same color and form as the tooth is made. Composite fillings have limited oral resistance. They change color by painting tea, coffee cola, etc. Depending on their eating habits and oral hygiene, they need to be renewed for a certain period of time.

2. If the fracture is large, includes half of the tooth or more, porcelain laminate veneers are applied to the average of 17 years old. Porcelain laminate veneers are both very durable and very aesthetic. They can be described as porcelain leaves that adhere to the front surface of the tooth and cover the fractured portion.

For children under 17 years old, the application of porcelain laminate veneers is not appropriate because the development of teeth and jaws is not completed. Again, composite laminae that make up the whole frontal surface of the tooth and the fractured part are made. However, there are problems caused by the material, they may need to be renewed after a while because they will change color.

If you do not see any problems after the infarction:

It is absolutely necessary for the dentist to perform a detailed examination and x-ray the area concerned. After the examination and the x-ray, the periapical x-rays are taken again at regular intervals even if there are no findings, and compared with the old films. The purpose here is to determine if there is a problem in the long live in the live section. Even after many years of dental color change by losing its vitality. If such a condition is detected, canal treatment is applied to prevent complications that could lead to tooth loss.


In some cases, the bruises go as far as the living (nerve-pulp) division on the inside of the tooth. An inflammatory condition that reaches the jawbone from the root of the tooth comes to the fore. The child has a swollen face, severe pain, and keeping this female in the mouth is not right for the child's health. In this case the tooth is removed from here. Particularly if this is a milk tooth and the time of ongoing permanent tooth firing is too close, it is a non-disruptive process. If it is not close to the time of permanent tooth firing, a placeholder should be replaced instead of the tooth being pulled.
If it is a permanent dent, this decision must be made repeatedly before shooting, and shooting should be considered when there is nothing to be done. Once the permanent teeth have been pulled, if the child's age is appropriate, the orthodontic treatment should be started immediately and this space should be closed with the other teeth and a correct closing relationship between the lower and upper teeth should be provided. When a pulled permanent tooth is left in place, the teeth on the side bend towards this gap. The entire gap of the mouth can be disturbed by a tooth over the tooth cavity and across the gap.


The dental hygiene should be removed if the accumulated bacterial plaque on the teeth (the whitish, sticky layer of food residues and microorganisms) has accumulated enough to be removed by normal brushing. This will prevent the formation of problems such as dental caries and bruises that bacterial plaques will bring to the field in the long run. The same seansta is called back to the child by informing the child about brushing training and prevention of decay.


Today, as in all areas of medicine, preventive medicine, which we can say without stopping the problem, has gained importance in dentistry. Preventive dentistry is especially important in children. Because they are effortless, inexpensive and painless, it is preferable that children have their first encounter with the dentist in relation to preventive dentistry.


Complete oral dentistry is possible with complete knowledge. Hygiene training, including teaching toothbrushing and dental flossing, keeping your dietary habits in check, and telling the truth about oral and dental hygiene, ensures that there is no missing information. This training is as important for children as they are for adults.


Florid is a natural mineral that we can drink from water or from many other foods we eat. It has been found that those who live in areas with a high fluoride concentration in the water for a long time have been found to be less likely to suffer from tooth decay, and it has been found that when fluoride is investigated, the floridin tooth mine becomes resistant to rot. Initially, an optimal dose of urban water was considered to be fluoridated, and this dose was reduced by some side effects, followed by some side effects.
Surveys conducted in recent years have shown that superficial fluoride applications are more important. The amount of fluoride tablets given to the child at 6 months of age

Surveys conducted in recent years have shown that superficial fluoride applications are more important. The effect of fluorine tablets given to the child at 6 months of age during pregnancy has been estimated to be very low. The crystal structure forming miney becomes more resistant to acid by the effect of fluorine applied to the surface. This makes it more difficult to grind and make it difficult to form.

Superficial fluoride treatments are simple, painless procedures that can be started from 3 years old and should be repeated every 6 months. It is ideal for the first encounter of the child with the dentist and control over the 6-month period. After a few minutes, the fluoride stored on the surface of your child's teeth will make the teeth much healthier and stronger.


The chewing surfaces of the teeth are recessed. These pits and hills are called pits and fissures. These areas are very short and are usually places where bruises start because food can not be cleaned. In order to prevent the accumulation of food and microorganisms in these regions and accordingly to rot, special liquid filling material is used. Firstly this region is completely cleaned and the fluent filling which we call fissure sealant is applied to this region. It is hardened with light and polished by correcting excesses. By this process it is possible to protect against the rotten surface of the chewing surface which constitutes about 70% of all caries. While it can be used for many years under normal conditions, it is beneficial to check them frequently, especially when there are habits such as ice chewing and tooth creaking.
It is ideal for the period when the first permanent teeth in the mouth come out. This is about 6 years old. The other molar is applied to the others during their riding time. An important point is that it will be better to have permanent teeth after a short time (1-2 years). Because the prolongation of the time increases the likelihood of bruising and filling instead of fissure sealant may be necessary.

While it can be applied in older adults, it is more useful and important to use in children. It is absolutely painless and very easy to operate.

How is it done?

Before starting this painless operation, it is necessary to make sure that the recesses on the surface to be applied sealent are completely clean and that the bacteria have been removed. For this purpose, your teeth are cleaned and dried by your doctor with a special solution. The enamel layer at the top of the tooth is roughened with the aid of a gel, and bonding is applied. After hardening by light, the filler is filled with the aid of a brush sealant, which is hardened again with light. It is checked whether there is height or not and the protective varnish is applied on it. Very simple, cheap. It is a painless and effective preventive procedure.


Milk tooth is lost early (bruise or accident) early. In such cases, until the bottom permanent tooth is ready and ready to swallow, the teeth on the side can be bent to turn the place where the lost milk tooth protects the permanent tooth. In fact, the tooth on the chin against the gap starts to lengthen. If the development is left to its own after the extraction of the early milk teeth, these movements will cause the continuation of the future. Thus, the permanent tooth will either not continue or will develop outside the normal location.

Problems that will only cause premature loss of a dairy tooth

• Since the teeth will be displaced, there will be embossing, these areas will not be cleaned easily and the tendency to decay will increase.
• Chewing will be difficult.
• More serious orthodontic problems will arise.

Some milk teeth should stay in their mouth until they are 12 years old. However, these permanent teeth are ready and the teeth of the teeth change. It is very difficult for babies to come out and be very careful and unprotected until this age. This small metal appliance, called the place holder, is specially prepared for the mouth of the child and maintains this place as long as the permanent tooth denture is when the milk tooth is prematurely lost. They are set up on a steady floor (depending on the place of the lost tooth). It is very simple, but the future mouth of the child is a very important device in terms of the foundation of dental health.

Care and conservation of the place holder

  • Avoid chewing gum and sticky notes.
  • Do not try to twist your placeholder with your fingers.
  • Keep clean using regular brush and rope.
  •  Be sure to go to check every 6 months.
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